You are in: Teaching & Learning » Geography » KS1 & KS2 » Units of Work

 

 

 

Using the QCA Units for Geography

Please be aware that you do not need to teach all the units in the QCA scheme of work and the units can be taught in different year groups to those suggested. It is not a requirement that the QCA scheme is followed, but your long term plan must address the four areas of the program of study for geography: Geographical enquiry and skills; Knowledge and understanding of places; Knowledge and understanding of patterns and processes; Knowledge and understanding of environmental change and sustainable development.

A checklist matrix could be used to check coverage.

Year 1

Units

Teaching activity

Resources & NC Guidance

Unit 1

Around our school – the local area

Uses investigative tasks to introduce children to the idea of looking at their local area.

use of ict

 

Design and carry out a survey of how children come to school. Enter the information in to a data handling package. Produce a pictogram and analyse the findings.

 

 

 

A simple data handling package ie Starting Graph (use the ready made travel survey) or 2Go (transport file)

ICT Coverage:

 

Use a word bank to assemble sentences and label objects for example use a Clicker Grid showing photographs of common features, which may be found in a local area and around a school.

 

Example clicker grids from the LearningGrids website (please note that Clicker 4 is required and you have to register free of charge on the website).

ICT Coverage:

Use a web based map of your local area to display the children's addresses and to identify buildings, include annotations.

 

Copy a map of the local area in to Textease and use the polygon tool to draw the 'journey to school' and animate a picture to travel along the route.

 

ICT Coverage:

Use a digital camera to make an interactive wall display, or an information pamphlet, about the local area.

 

ICT Coverage:

Take the children for a walk around the local area. Then use a simple painting program to create a picture of a building or area around the school.

 

Painting program i.e. Colour Magic, Dazzle, 2 paint.

 

ICT Coverage:

Use a word bank to assemble sentences and label objects for example use Clicker grids to help develop understanding of jobs people do.

 

Example clicker grids from the LearningGrids website (please note that Clicker 4 is required and you have to register free of charge on the website).

ICT Coverage:

 

Make a guided tour of school in digital format. Link a plan of the school to images and text. Use a multimedia-editing package or web writing software to create the tour.

 

Create a web site for a locality used in your scheme of work.

Multimedia program i.e. PowerPoint, Textease 2000 or web writing software i.e. Dreamweaver, HotDog, Publisher.

 

ICT Coverage:

Teaching resource:

Ideas for geography in the street from Chester LEA.

Unit 2

How can we make our local area safer?

Children investigate a local issue common to most schools – parking.

use of ict

 

With the children’s help, design and carry out a traffic survey of the road outside school. Enter the data in to a simple graphing package and produce a pictogram. Analyse the findings by answering questions i.e. is this a busy road?

 

Design and carry out a survey of cars parked in the street outside the school. Present the results in a pictogram. Discuss the the findings and make simple observations by answering questions. Are the parked cars there all day? Where do people go when they park their cars?

ICT Coverage:

Use a simple graphing package to create pictograms. e.g. Starting Graph or 2Go.

Use a word bank to write a simple report about a traffic survey, writing simple sentences about a range of vehicles that were seen.

  • Traffic Survey - Grid. From the LearningGrids website (please note that Clicker 4 is required and you have to register free of charge on the website).

ICT Coverage:

Using the Hertfordshire OS maps, or Multimap, find a street map that includes the school. Ask the children to mark on the various ways used to control traffic.

Alternatively scan in a local area map to use.

 

 

 

Years 1/2

Units

Teaching activity

Resources & NC Guidance

Unit 5

Where in the world is Barnaby Bear?

Uses a first-hand object – Barnaby the teddy bear – to enable children to learn about other countries and places. Barnaby travels with different people connected to the school as well as on school visits, creating a sense of personal involvement for the children.

ICT Coverage:

use of ict

Use the Barnaby Bear website to see where Barnaby has visited on his travels.

Barnaby Bear could send electronic postcards or emails from around The class could also send him e-mails.

Internet and email access.

Scan some pictures of Barnaby Bear in to the computer, or use digital photos, of the places he has visited. Help the children to insert one of pictures in to a word processor. The children then enter some text to describe the place.

Scanner or digital camera, word processor.

ICT Coverage:

 

Use a simple CD-ROM atlas, or a web based map, to investigate some of the places Barnaby visits.

On a copy of a map the children could use the AutoShapes in Word to produce caption boxes detailing some information about the places. Some sound clips could also be added.

ICT Coverage:

Ask the children to produce a graph showing the number of times Barnaby used different types of transport and find out which type he used the most.

ICT Coverage:

Use the interactive activities based on the themes of travelling & maps, weather & packing, landscape, sightseeing, transport and shopping on th 'Where in the World is Barnaby Bear' CD-ROM .

Teaching resource:

Download travel photographs from a website (check on copyright issues).

 

Year 2

Units

Teaching activity

Resources & NC Guidance

Unit 3

An Island home

Shows how a storybook can be used to develop children’s understanding of geographical features and ideas while at the same time developing their literacy skills.

use of ict

After reading 'Katie Morag and the two grandmothers' to the children use an electronic atlas to show the children the location of Scotland and the Western Isles.

Program a floor turtle to follow a route on a large map of Struay.

ICT Coverage:

Create a class pictogram of the types of transportation use in Struay. Ask children to use the pictogram to answer some simple questions.

ICT Coverage:

Use a simple painting program to create a panoramic picture of Struay or their locality.

Painting program i.e.Colour Magic, Dazzle.

ICT Coverage:

Using a word processor write about the island from a visitor's point of view.

Word processor ie Talking First Word, Writer.

ICT Coverage:

Link with a school on an island using electronic pen pals (ie epals).

Unit 4

Going to the seaside

The theme of the seaside is set mainly in a geographical context but uses a historical perspective to help children understand how seaside places have evolved over time.

ICT Coverage:

use of ict

 

Design and carry out a survey to find places that children have visited. Enter the information in to a database or graphing package. Create graphs and use to answer questions.

Data handling software ie Starting Graph.

ICT Coverage:

Use websites with pictures, photos and stories to aid discussion about the main features of the seaside.

Ask the children to write a short report or poem about a day at the seaside, now and then, using a word processor ie Talking First Word, Clicker, Writer.

ICT Coverage:

Teaching Resource:

Lesson plans and worksheets From Educate the Children.

ICT Coverage:

Year 3

Units

Teaching activity

Resources & NC Guidance

Unit 6

Investigating our local area

In which children develop geographical ideas and skills by studying their own locality.

use of ict

Using a web based map ask the children to use progressively larger scales to locate a region, county, village.

Ask the children to find the school site on an electronic map and on an aerial photograph.

Ask the children, in pairs, to identify land use within a small area of their locality. Collate the children’s findings using a database or graphing program, and use to present their results.

Data handling software i.e. Starting Graph, Textease Database, Information Magic, Information Workshop.

ICT Coverage:

Children record land use around their local area. Back in the classroom this information is entered into a prepared (Number Magic) spreadsheet.

Create a presentation to show potential environmental concerns in the local area and how they might be addressed.

Multimedia program i.e. Textease 2000; PowerPoint; Illuminatus.

ICT Coverage:

Create a web page/site for a locality studied.

Web design software i.e. Word, Publisher, Hot Dog, Dreamweaver.

ICT Coverage:

Communicate by email with a class in a contrasting locality who are also investigating their local area. Send some information or pictures as attachments.

ICT Coverage:

The children carry out a car parking survey and record and display their results on a prepared (Starting Graph) table and graph.

Unit 7

Weather around the world

It helps children to develop ideas about weather conditions around the world.

use of ict

Gather data about rain, temperature and/or wind. Put it into a database and analyse the findings.

Database ie Textease Database; Information Magic; Information Workshop.

ICT Coverage:

Design a postcard to send from their holiday destination, with appropriate text and graphics for the weather/climate.

ICT Coverage:

Children, in groups, use a variety of sources, including the Internet and CD-ROMs, to research what their chosen holiday destination is like.

 

Children could use a prepared multimedia presentation to find out about life in the chosen locality.

Internet, CD-ROMs, prepared presentation about chosen locality.

Children can log onto the Internet to find the weather for their chosen locality.

Use Webcams to search particular weather conditions.

Teaching resources:


Websites for children to use to help develop ideas about weather.

Year 4

Units

Teaching activity

Resources & NC Guidance

Unit 8

Improving the environment

Children use the school buildings, grounds and immediate locality to investigate environmental issues and improvements.

use of ict

At the end of each day for a week, collect all the classroom rubbish; estimate how much there is and then weigh it. Ask the children to produce a cumulative graph, for an interactive display, that shows the weight of rubbish throughout the week. Discuss the findings.

ICT Coverage:

Ask the children to investigate litter in the school grounds. The children present their findins using spreadsheets and simple graphing software. Discuss the findings.

Spreadsheet or graphing program i.e. Starting Graph, Textease Spreadsheet, Number Magic, Excel.

ICT Coverage:

Use a sound sensor to measure the level of sound at different times of the day in different locations.

Enter the data in to a spreadsheet and produce graphs to present the findings.

Sound sensors ie RM sensors, Robolab sound sensor, Ecolog, LogIT. Spreadsheet program.

ICT Coverage:

Use a tape recorder to tape the noise of children moving around the school at different times of the day, noting the number of children involved in the moving. Present the information in a graph using a graphing program or spreadsheet. Discuss the findings.

Spreadsheet or graphing program i.e. Starting Graph, Textease Spreadsheet, Number Magic, Excel.

 

ICT Coverage:

Use a word processor to write a report, for example about rubbish and pollution, about the area. A writing frame such as a Clicker Grid could be used to help structure the report and help with vocabulary.

Word processor.

 

ICT Coverage:

Use the Internet to find out about recycling and other environmenatal issues.

Unit 9

Village settlers

Children are introduced to how settlements develop over time and how early settlers provided many of the settlements we use today.

use of ict

Use a website to find information about settlements.

Create a Word template with only a river marked on it and a blank key at the side. Children then devise their own village development using names to identify areas on the map and OS map symbols to generate their maps.

ICT Coverage:

Unit 10

A village in India

Children develop ideas about a less economically developed country.

use of ict

Use online atlases/maps and CD-ROMs to locate the position of the UK, Europe, Asia, India and Chembakolli.

Use the Internet to find information about, and images of, India. Identify and explain the main similarities and differences between their own locality and Chembakolli.

ICT Coverage:

Create a web site, or multimedia presentation, of the less economically developed country studied.

Web design software i.e. Word, Publisher, Hot Dog, Dreamweaver. Or, multimedia program i.e. Textease 200; PowerPoint; Illuminatus.

ICT Coverage:

Teaching Resources:

Lesson plans and worksheets From Educate the Children. Free subscription site.

 

ActionAid India

Artefact Kits

 

 

 

Year 5

Units

Teaching activity

Resources & NC Guidance

Unit 11

Water

Children learn about water supply around the world.

use of ict

Ask the children to record their use of water in the home on a spreadsheet. Discuss with the children the patterns of water consumption and how reducing consumption might improve the environment. A prepared spreadsheet could be used or the children/class could design their own.

Spreadsheet program i.e. Excel, Number Magic, Textease Spreadsheet.

ICT Coverage:

Use the Internet to find out about times when people did not have clean water and how changes were brought about.

Search engines ie Google, Ask Jeeves for Kids.

ICT Coverage:

Use the Internet to find out about the work of aid agencies in water provision in less economically developed countries.

Search engines ie Google, Ask Jeeves for Kids.

 

ICT Coverage:

Unit 12

Should the high street be closed to traffic?

Focused investigation for children who have developed fieldwork skills.

use of ict

Visit the local high street area and ask the children to look at, and collect data about, traffic issues eg volume of traffic, parking problems, varying needs of different high street users. Use spreadsheets and graphing software to record data in a datafile and produce graphs.

Spreadsheet program ie Excel, Number Magic, Textease Spreadsheet.

ICT Coverage:

Divide the class into groups and allocate a range of roles to each e.g. a shopkeeper, a young parent, a delivery driver. Debate the issue of traffic on the high street. Each group prepares a presentation of its views on the high street. Vote for best plan for the high street.

ICT Coverage:

Unit 13

A contrasting UK locality – Llandudno

Children study a locality in the UK that contrasts with their own area.

use of ict

Use an online mapping service, in addition to paper based maps and atlases, to locate Llandudno (or area being studied) and their school. Identify similarities and differences in locations.

Online mapping service i.e.

Children plan the best route to Llandudno (or the contrasting locality being studied) and then compare with directions given by an online mapping service.

Online mapping service i.e.

In the contrasting locality being studied ask the children, in small groups, to complete a traffic survey at a busy and a quiet time. Ask the children to enter their data in a spreadsheet and create graphs to show their findings.

Spreadsheet program ie Excel, Number Magic, Textease Spreadsheet.

ICT Coverage:

Create a multimedia presentation or web site about the area being studied, to share with a chosen audience i.e. other clases in the school.

Multimedia program ie Textease 2000; PowerPoint; Illuminatus.

ICT Coverage:

Year 6

Units

Teaching activity

Resources & NC Guidance

Unit 14

Investigating rivers

Children learn, through fieldwork and research, about rivers and the effects they have on the landscape.

use of ict

The children position and label the various elements of the Water Cycle on a diagram in My World 3.

Use a computer model to identify and sequence the components of the water cycle.

Whilst undertaking fieldwork use a digital camera to photograph features of a river. Use the photos when writing about the river.

 

Whilst undertaking fieldwork collect information for a database e.g. height, depth, width and speed of the river at different sections along its course. Enter the data into a database and use it to find answers to questions.

Database ie Textease Database; Information Magic; Information Workshop.

ICT Coverage:

Ask the children to find out further information about the river they are studying, by using CD-ROMs or the Internet. Create a multimedia presentaion on their river.

The Internet. Multimedia program i.e. Textease 2000; PowerPoint; Illuminatus.

ICT Coverage:

Use a CD-ROM i.e. 'River Focus' CD-ROM (Neptune Computer Technology) to explore the physical processes of rivers through the use of photographs, diagrams and text.

Teaching Resources:

Lesson plans and worksheets From Educate the Children. Free subscription site.

 

Information and activities about rivers on Anglia Campus.

 

A guide to the River Thames.

 

Why rivers flood and the impact this has.

 

A focus on rivers and case study rivers.

 

Living Library Spotlight 'Watching the River Flow' (in the Teacher Tips section).

 

BBC Schools 'Rivers and Coasts'.

 

Living Library Classroom Activity 'Investigate the Journey of a River' (in the Teacher Tips section).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit 15

The mountain environment

Encourages children to investigate, through research, other places in the UK.

use of ict

Ask the children, in groups, to investigate a mountain environment, using CD-ROMs, the Internet and other sources. Children present their findings, to the rest of the class, as a multimedia presentation.

The Internet. Multimedia program ie Textease 2000; PowerPoint; Illuminatus.

CD-ROMs ie Encarta World Atlas, Comptons 3-D World Atlas, Eyewitness World Atlas.

 

ICT Coverage:

Use the Internet or the Meteorological Offices's METAFAX service to produce sets of data about weather patterns in different parts of the World.

ICT Coverage:

Teaching Resources:

Lesson plans and worksheets From Educate the Children. Free subscription site.

 

Camping and Tramping website - camping and walking in the mountains of the UK.

 

 

 

 

Additional Units

Units

Teaching activity

Resources & NC Guidance

Unit 16

(Years 3 - 6)

What’s in the news

Shows how news items at a widening range of scales can be used to develop geographical skills and ideas.

use of ict

Use the Internet to find local or national news items display on a 'class newsboard'.

ICT Coverage:

Ask the children to write a news report about a local issue (eg closing down a local shop). Ask them to publish it using word-processing or desktop publishing software.

Word, Talking First Word, Writer, Publisher, Textease 2000.

ICT Coverage:

Children use a graphical modelling package to create their own weather forecast.

ICT Coverage:

Use quote cards that outline the views of different interested parties (both for and against) as a stimulus for the children to write reports on a local issue (eg building of a new bypass). Use word processing, desktop publishing or other appropriate software to present it. Debate the isuue.

Word, Talking First Word, Writer, Publisher, Textease 2000.

ICT Coverage:

Teaching Resources:

Channel 4's Geography Essentials - What's in the News?

 

Unit 17

(Year 2)

Global Eye

 

Children learn about the workings of the eye and find out how young people are fitted with spectacles in their local area and in other parts of the globe, in particular in Africa.

use of ict

Children investigate the basic structure of the eye using a variety of resources including CD-ROMs and the Internet.

CD-ROM ie The Ultimate Human Body (DK).

The Internet (eg use the find faciltiy in Living Library).

 

ICT Coverage:

Children conduct a survey of what is recycled in their homes. Use graphing software to find out the extent to which spectacles are recycled.

Graphing software ie Starting Graph.

 

ICT Coverage:

Use ICT to design a poster to persuage people to recycle spectacles.

ICT Coverage:

Unit 18

(Year 3 - 6)

Connecting ourselves to the world

Shows how information and communications technology (ICT) can be used to develop geographical skills and ideas.

use of ict

Create a spreadsheet to record incoming and outgoing faxes during one week. Produce graphs to represent this information and use them to analyse the data.

Spreadsheet program ie Excel, Number Magic, Textease Spreadsheet.

ICT Coverage:

Through 'twinning' with another school, exchange weather data by fax or email daily for a set period of time. Enter the data in to a spreadsheet and produce graphs and charts to show similarities and differences between the weather in the two places. Analyse the data giving reasons for variations.

Spreadsheet program ie Excel, Number Magic, Textease Spreadsheet. Email.

ICT Coverage:

Ask the children to write a letter to be sent by email, to their twinned school, and attach a guide of their locality, produced using ICT (word processed, scanned maps, digital images etc).

ICT Coverage:

Help the children to locate websites used by travel agents to plan routes. Ask the children to bookmark these sites for future reference and print and save pages that are useful for the whole class. Enter details of a journey and check flight availaility. Gather data about different flights and enter the information in to a database. Use the database to check about availability of flights.

Compare using ICT based resources with using other sources (i.e. travel brochures).

ICT Coverage:

Useful websites

 

Unit 19

(Year 4)

How and where do we spend out time?

Makes the link between how and where children spend their leisure, recreation and working time. It develops the theme of settlement within the school's local area.

use of ict

Devise a questionnaire and carry out a survey to find out how people spend their time. Work out average times and convert to decimals and fractions. Use mapping software to produce a map of the locations of the places where they spend their time. Calculate distances and meqan distances travelled.

 

Use a spreadsheet or graphing package to present the data, about how people spend their time, graphically. Discuss with the children the notions of work, recreation and leisure, and the effect of weather on activities, and draw conclusions.

ICT Coverage:

Unit 20

(Year 5)

Local Traffic – an environmental issue

Deals with a local traffic improvement scheme (a by-pass) and the impact it will have on local people and the environment

use of ict

Devise and carry out a questionnaire survey to establish views about a local traffic issue, i.e. a by-pass. Analyse the data collected and suggest ways the issue may be resolved. Use ICT to present their suggestions i.e. produce a poster or multimedia presentation.

ICT Coverage:

Useful websites

Unit 21

(Years 3/4)

How can we improve the area we can see from our window?

Shows how geography can be linked with work on language. It is based on a book called 'Window' by Jeannie Baker.

use of ict

Give groups of children colour copies of three or fours pages of the book. Ask them to record the main features in each view and note changes between views. Use a word processor to write a story for their series of pictures, focussing on change, land use and whatit would feel like to be there.

 

Produce a whole class display.

ICT Coverage:

Take the children to explore the view from the classroom window, focussing on selected features. The children could use spreadsheets to record what they saw and then classify and sort data, and interpret the results produced.

ICT Coverage:

Unit 22

(Year 2)

A contrasting locality overseas – Tocuaro

Introduces a distant locality through aspects of life that will be familiar to children such as housing, cooking and going to school.

use of ict

Ask the children to use a word processor to write:

  • a short description of what Tocuaro is like.
  • a description of life in Tocuaro, using headings i.e. as houses, food, shopping and going to school. Repeat for their own locality.

ICT Coverage:

Use the 'Tocuaro - A Mexican Village' CD ROM. The CD ROM covers a range of topics including: Tocuaro village, the Horta family, food, music, dance, religion and festivities, weather, Mexico's volcanoes, Mexico's history, the local Tarascan people and shrinking Lake Patzcuaro a local environmental issue.

Teaching resources

 

 

 

Unit 23

(Year 5/6)

Investigating coasts

Explores the possibilities for teaching about coastal environments at local and regional scales.

use of ict

Jurassic Pack (KS2) New

A DVD pack funded by the Jurassic Coast Trust and Devon County Council education service helps pupils understand the coast, coastal erosion and classic landforms.  Available for £39.99

Ask the children to produce a newspaper report, using ICT, based on the Holbeck Hotel or a similar incident, using information and sources from non-fiction books, atlases, newspapers and the Internet.

ICT Coverage:

Allocate groups of children one of the following themes: bird-watching holidays; walking holidays; beach holidays; rock-climbing holidays. The children research and investigate coastal environments around the UK relevant to their theme,using OS maps, the Internet, atlases, non-fiction books...

ICT Coverage:

During fieldwork use a digital camera to photograph coastal features and produce an information leaflet about the features.

ICT Coverage:

Teaching resources

 

 

Unit 24

(Years 1 - 6)

Passport to the world

Encourages the development of knowledge about places and their locations

use of ict

Use a digital camera to take photos of the local area and prepare a slideshow or presentation of the photos for the children to identify where they were taken.

 

Ask the children to interview a number of people to find out their favourite holiday location and the reasons for their choice. Ask the children to use an atlas to find out where the places are. Ask the children to enter their survey findings in a database. Ask them to produce graphs of the results and to analyse their findings, eg: Where are the favourite destinations?

ICT Coverage:

Ask pairs of children to 'adopt' a city and research it using the Internet.

 

The children could record the weather over a week, using a spreadsheet, and produce graphs to represent findings.

 

A word processor, desktop publishing program, or multimedia presentation package, could be used to present their city to the class.

ICT Coverage:

Teaching Resources:

Lesson Plans and Worksheets from Educate the Children. Free subscription site

Unit 25

(Years 1 - 6)

Geography and numbers

Shows how geographical enquiry can provide a meaningful context for the teaching and reinforcement of many apsect of the framework for teaching mathematics.

use of ict

KEY STAGE 1

Ask the children to devise instructions to navigate a floor robot through a maze. Encourage children to use vocabulary ie: left, right, backwards, forwards, along, clockwise, anticlockwise, right angle.

ICT Coverage:

KEY STAGE 1

Ask the children to undertake a pedestrian traffic count in a corridor at different times during the school day. Enter the data in a simple graphing program and produce a pictogram or simple block bar graph to represent the data. Discuss and interpret findings.

ICT Coverage:

KEY STAGE 2

Ask the children to undertake a survey of the journey to school, looking, for example, at where children in the school live, how they travel to school, how long their journey takes.... Enter the gathered data in to a spreadsheet or database and use to produce graphs to represent findings. Sort the data to answer simple questions.

ICT Coverage:

KEY STAGE 2

Ask the children to study population data for two contrasting settlements. They could enter the data in to a spreadsheet and use it to produce a variety of charts to demonstrate proportions of population within certain age groups. They could write formulae to express results as percentages.

ICT Coverage:

General Websites

A range of materials to assist in curriculum planning are available for loan to Hertfordshire teachers from here:

 

Help for Resources

The resources on this page may be in any of the following formats as indicated beside the links.
Some of the electronic resources can be used as a paper and pencil/cut and stick activity.

Click for Help to download PDF files... Adobe acrobat (*.pdf)
Click for Help to view Interactive Whiteboard files... Easyteach (*.et)
Excel 2003 (*.xls)

executable icon Executable (*.exe)
External web links (www)
information workshop Information workshop (iws)

PowerPoint 2003 (*.ppt)
Click for Help to view Interactive Whiteboard files... Promethean (*.flp)
Click for Help to view Interactive Whiteboard files... Smart Notebook (*.notebook)

Word 2003 (*.doc)
Resource from E2BN

 

eLearning resources in schools only... Some are also available from home for Hertfordshire teachers.