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Emotional and Mental Health

The emotional and mental health of children and young people is often a cause of concern for professionals and parents alike. 'Tools for Schools' has been created to give guidance to universal services to have a better understanding and clarity about how to manage common issues that families face and who to go to for support.

These materials can be accessed at: 

Please note, all the files are only available for download from within a Hertfordshire School connected to the Hertfordshire Internet and Connectivity Service

Haileybury – Festival of Wellbeing

The focus of the day is on providing practical strategies to promote and enhance the provision of mental health and wellbeing for pupils in our schools. Attendees will gain insight into different approaches to dealing with the complex issues associated with pupil welfare, happiness and wellbeing.

Coping with Self-harm (A Guide for Parents and Carers)

Following the completion of a research project, the Royal College of Psychiatrists has published a new guide for parents about self-harming, which will be useful for teachers too. Self-harming affects 10 – 15% of young people, and parents can feel overwhelmed. The guide has information on topics including understanding self-harm, managing injuries, sources of help and looking after parents’ own needs.

The guide is available at the link below and it might be worth printing a few copies off ready to pass to parents when needed.

Young Minds

Young Minds, the Charlie Waller Memorial Trust and the Royal College of Psychiatrists have created a series of films and digital resource packs on self-harm. These have been created with the help of children and young people, parents and professionals.

Quality Assurance for schools on recruiting Counsellors and / or Arts Therapists and Mental Health Nurses

Below is a document from Safe Space (Counselling in Schools Service) that will help schools implement a quality assured service.

Guidance for schools: commissioning external mental health training and workshop providers

Below is a document from East and North Hertfordshire Clinical Commissioning Group and Herts Valley Clinical Commissioning Group to support decision making when considering external mental health training and workshop providers.


Serious Case Reviews

Local Safeguarding Children Boards are responsible for undertaking serious case reviews when a child dies or sustains significant harm, and abuse or neglect are known or suspected to be a factor in the incident, to establish any learning, and improve inter-agency working to better safeguard and promote the welfare of children.          

Hertfordshire SCR executive summaries and overview reports are available on the Hertfordshire Safeguarding Children Board website:

SCR executive summaries and overview reports from other local authorities which are felt to have particular relevance to schools are available at:

Rochdale SCB Review

In May 2012, nine men who ran a child sexual exploitation ring in Rochdale were jailed at Liverpool Crown Court after being found guilty of offences including rape and conspiracy to engage in sexual activity with girls under the age of 16.  Rochdale's safeguarding board has published a Review of Multi-agency Responses to the Sexual Exploitation of Children.  The review looks at how agencies including the Council, Police, NHS, Crown Prosecution Service and other support services worked between 2007 and 2012 to safeguard children and young people who were at risk of sexual exploitation.

A summary of the findings and recommendations for schools:

New Learning from Serious Case Reviews: A Summary of Biennial Analysis of Serious Case Reviews 2009-2011

Learning from serious case reviews (SCRs) is acknowledged to be important for both understanding and learning. This briefing outlines the main points of the sixth biennial national analysis of SCRs and is relevant for all staff working with children or vulnerable adults who are parents.

Child protection in England: Serious case reviews

The NSPCC have published a chronological list of the executive summaries or full overview reports of serious case reviews, significant case reviews or multi-agency child practice reviews published in 2016.These can be found at:


Sex and Relationships

NSPCC course to help primary schools respond to harmful sexual behaviour

The NSPCC have launched a new online training course to help teachers and school staff identify and respond appropriately to instances of sexualised behaviour. It includes practical information and advice on how to recognise, respond to and report cases of unhealthy sexualised behaviour so schools can play their part in preventing children from coming to harm.

Find out more at:

For all any queries or further information, please contact


CEOP Play Like Share resource - Launch of new resource for eight-to-ten year olds

This three-episode animated series and accompanying resource pack aims to help eight-to-ten year olds learn how to stay safe from sexual abuse, exploitation and other risks they might encounter online such as sharing content.

Play Like Share helps children to identify the signs of pressurising and threatening behaviour in an age appropriate way. This is explored through highly relatable characters and non-frightening peer-on-peer scenarios, where children recognise tactics such as flattery or bribery or that feeling you might get when something’s not right. The resources aims to develop children’s confidence and skills to respond to these situations and get help when they need it.

Download Play Like Share films and resource pack at  

Inform Young People Service - Lucy Faithfull Foundation

The Lucy Faithfull Foundation works with children , young people (and their families) who have displayed problematic sexual behaviour on the internet or in the ‘real world’, to prevent an escalation or reoccurrence of the behaviour. They can offer one to five free sessions of work with the young person (aged 12+) and their family, tailored to their needs. Each session will be delivered by an experienced practitioner either by telephone (through our Helpline) or face-to-face.

It is for young people who could benefit from a short piece of work,  where there are lower level concerns about sexualised behaviour in the ‘real world’ or online (e.g. amber on the Brook Advisory Traffic Light Tool) .The young person does not need to be open to a safeguarding or specialist team to access this service.

Schools can contact the Lucy Faithfull Foundation for further information or to discuss a referral on  01372 847160.

Harmful Sexual Behaviour among Children and Young People NICE Guideline - September 2016

This guideline covers children and young people who display harmful sexual behaviour, including
those on remand or serving community or custodial sentences. It aims to ensure these problems
don't escalate and possibly lead to them being charged with a sexual offence. It also aims to ensure
no-one is unnecessarily referred to specialist services.


What's the problem? A guide for parents of children and young people who have got in trouble online

This guide, produced by the Lucy Faithfull Foundation, is designed to answer questions that parents may have about an online incident that their child has been involved in. This could be that they have been viewing adult pornography; have an unhealthy interest in accessing adult material; sent a naked picture of themselves to someone else or posted it online or it could be that their child has been arrested by the police for viewing sexual images of people under 18.

For each of the above scenarios, the guide offers advice ,guidance and resources to assist parents/carers in understanding the issues, keeping their child/ren safe; supporting and talking to their child/ren.


Sexting in schools and colleges: Responding to incidents and safeguarding young people

This advice is for designated safeguarding leads (DSLs), their deputies, head teachers and senior leadership teams in schools and educational establishments1 in England.

This advice covers:

  • Responding to disclosures
  • Handling devices and imagery
  • Risk assessing situations
  • involving other agencies, including escalation to the police and children’s social care
  • Recording incidents
  • Involving parents
  • Preventative education
Sexting guidance for schools

In September 2015 the National Police Chief Council released a statement on the procedure they have to take when a ‘sexting’ incident is reported to the police. As a result the UK Safer Internet Centre coordinators, have updated advice for schools when responding and managing a sexting incidents to help schools assess and decide whether a sexting incident should be reported to the police.

If you would like further help or advice then our Professionals Online Safety Helpline is open from Monday to Friday 10am to 4pm on 0844 381 4772 or via email at

Sexing Advice

The UK Safer Internet Centre and SWGFL have produced a really useful factsheet for schools: ‘Responding to Sexting’. The guidance sets out areas for consideration when deciding whether to report the matter to the police or not. This is currently a difficult area for schools and any advice is helpful.


Young Persons Sexual Violence and Advisory Service
‘Sexting’ in schools: advice and support around self-generated images - What to do and how to handle it - CEOP/Securus

Below are a series of documents from CEOP to advise schools how to deal with incidents of self-generated images (also know as sexting).  Included is

  1. Practical advice about what to do if sexting happens in your school, the steps that schools need to take and examples of best practice through case studies.
  2. An overview of the problem and an insight into the research and categorisation of sexting incidents.
  3. Some activities that schools can do to highlight the issues and develop a ‘whole school’ approach.
  4. A flowchart outlining the response process for professionals.
  5. A risk assessment tool for young people engaged in potentially harmful sexting.
Guidance Booklet
Annex 1 - Response process professionals
Annex 2 - Risk assessment tool


Addressing Negative Sexual Experiences with Young People

These guidelines have been developed with the intention of helping to raise the profile of the issues of negative sexual experiences and ensure consistent and sustainable approaches across the county.

In line with national safeguarding responsibility for safeguarding children and young people, this document has equal regard and concern for safeguarding vulnerable adults who are not covered by child protection legislation

These guidelines can be downloaded from:


Assessing Sexual Behaviour

Brook is the country's largest young people's sexual health charity, providing sexual health services, support and advice to young people under the age of 25.

The charity has devised a sexual behaviours traffic light tool which helps professionals who work with children and young people to identify, assess and respond appropriately to sexual behaviours.

It uses a 'traffic light tool' to categorise sexual behaviours, to increase understanding of healthy sexual development and distinguish this from harmful behaviour.

By identifying sexual behaviours as GREEN, AMBER or RED, professionals across different agencies can work to the same criteria when making decisions and protect children and young people with a unified approach.

This resource has been designed to help professionals think through their decisions and does not replace organisational procedures or assessment frameworks.

The tool is available to use free of charge on the Brook website:


Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment between children in schools and colleges (DfE, 2017)

The document covers:

  • what sexual violence and sexual harassment is
  • what schools’ and colleges’ legal responsibilities are
  • creating a whole school or college approach to safeguarding and child protection; and
  • how to respond to reports of sexual violence and sexual harassment
Child Sexual Exploitation Guidance Core Document
Sexual Violence

Running Away

Children's Society Report on Running Away

Every year 100,000 children run away from home or care.  And every year around 200,000 children miss a month of schooling.  Many children fall under both of these shocking categories.  This recent Children's Society research shows that children who are absent from school are three times more likely to have run away.

Children run from serious problems at home such as abuse or neglect or problems at school such as bullying or unmet special educational needs.  Some may run away under the influence of controlling individuals as recent well publicised child sexual exploitation investigations have shown.

Yet schools are not picking up on the early warning signs that there may be some serious problems in a child’s life which are causing them to run away.  It is crucial that school and education professionals are able to recognise the signs of running away and absence from school as a cry for help and take steps to intervene immediately.  A failure to do so leaves vulnerable children at risk of further harm or exploitation.

The full report is available to read at this link:

Family Support

Family lives logoFamily Support Resource for School Leadership Teams and Teachers

This online guide helps school leadership teams to devise an effective strategy for working with pupils' families - particularly those that need the most help and support. This guide has clear advice on how to have conversations with parents about difficult issues, and a comprehensive guide to national support organisations that school staff can refer parents to free of charge. 

Support for separating families (05/02/16)

Public information materials for organisations that support separating families, including the mediation sector and advice organisations.

Substance Misuse September 2017

Identifying and supporting children affected by parental substance misuse – Resource for schools

This resource has been developed for the Alcohol and Drug Education and Prevention Information Service (ADEPIS) by Adfam, the national umbrella organisation for those working with and for families affected by drugs and alcohol, and is intended to be a useful tool to help schools in safeguarding their pupils.

The purpose of this resource

When schools and teachers think about ‘drugs’, they may often initially focus on incidents on school grounds and how to respond to them, students at risk of using substances, or perhaps about drug education.

However, substance use can impact the lives of young people in many ways, especially if they are affected by problematic drug or alcohol use in their own homes. This resource aims to summarise the key issues for children affected by parental substance use, and how schools can consider supporting them.

It is aimed primarily at school governors and headteachers, but will also be relevant to members of staff with particular pastoral care duties, including school nurses, Education Welfare Officers, and anyone identified as a Designated Senior Person (DSP) for child protection in schools.

KIP Education - Leaders in effective PSHE Education & Training flyer

The RECOVER Pack - Information for Professionals Working with Families affected by Substance Misuse

A resource aimed at professionals who work with families affected by substance misuse. One of the main aims of the National Drugs Strategy (2008-2018) is to prevent harm to children, young people and families affected by drug misuse.  At a local level the Hertfordshire Drugs Strategy (2008-2011) acknowledges the importance of addressing the needs of the whole family as a key to successfully reducing the risk of inter-generational offending and substance misuse.

In a recent service review, undertaken by the Hertfordshire Drug and Alcohol Partnership, it was identified that those services working with vulnerable adults were unfamiliar with local family services in the area. 

The RECOVER pack has been developed in consultation with colleagues including Integrated Practice Teams, Adult Drug Services and Think Family leads.  Its aim is to provide services working with families with a comprehensive guide to encourage a holistic approach.  This approach can help to enhance the treatment given, enable providers to ‘think family’ more effectively and bridge gaps between adult and family services.  It also responds to concerns regarding adolescent drug use, safeguarding children and caring responsibilities.

The pack has been designed to set out some of the services that are available for young people, adult service users and for wider families and carers of all ages and can be download below:

Recover Pack
Order Form

Domestic Abuse

Domestic Abuse & Child Sexual Exploitation Conference

Did you know 1 in 4 women and 1 in 6 men are victims of Domestic Abuse or that Child Sexual Exploitation can affect any child?

Could someone close to you be affected?

The conference is being held to raise awareness of Domestic Abuse and Child Sexual Exploitation.

Themes will include:
DA and CSE awareness - including protective behaviors, survivors stories and healthy relationships.

There is no charge to attend, however spaces are limited. Please confirm attendance by Friday, September 30th by emailing: or call 01438 757501 and leave a message.

Domestic Abuse & Child Sexual Exploitation Conference

Pilot Community Domestic Abuse Prevention Programme

A pilot programme aimed at perpetrators of domestic abuse is being extended and expanded in Hertfordshire after a promising pilot period in Stevenage since April 2014.

Operated by Relate North Essex and East Herts - and in partnership with Stevenage Against Domestic Abuse, Safer Watford and Borough of Broxbourne - 'Hertfordshire Change' is a community Domestic Abuse prevention programme for men who want to take positive steps to change the way they behave in relationships. Extending the pilot for a further 12mth cycle at its Stevenage base, the programme will be expanding its delivery locations to include venues within the Community Safety Partnership (CSP) boundaries of both Watford and Broxbourne from February 2016.

The Change Project is a Respect accredited project, the ‘Hertfordshire Change programme’ will mirror the extremely successfully programme run across Essex – which has received a number of awards and accolades - and is aimed at men who recognise and want to stop their abusive behaviour.

Delivered over 27 sessions, with each lasting around 2 and a half hours, the programme allows male participants to:

  • Take responsibility for their use of abusive behaviour
  • Identify beliefs and intents that underpin their abusive behaviour
  • Acknowledge the effects of their use of abusive behaviour on their partners and ex- partners, children, others and themselves
  • Take specific, positive steps to change their behaviour in relationships using non – controlling behaviour strategies learned on the programme

The pilot programme is available free to clients referred through agencies, and men who self refer will be required to make a small donation towards their cost, this is based upon what they are able to afford and usually ranges between £10 - £20 per session. Whilst the programme is available to anyone residing in Hertfordshire, for the purpose of the pilot prioritisation will be made to referrals based within the three aforementioned CSP areas.

The programme is made up of various modules, including:

  • Denial of responsibility and minimisation
  • Effects of Domestic Abuse
  • Parenting and the Effects of Domestic Abuse on children
  • Women’s Anger
  • Self Talk – winding up – winding down
  • Intimacy and Respect
  • Emotional Abuse
  • Accountability

Alongside this is a women’s service providing support for women whose (ex) partner has been referred to the programme.

Please find attached further programme information and referral which may be circulated and displayed as appropriately across organisations and partnerships.

Hertfordshire Mens Poster
Hertfordshire Change Limited Leaflet
Hertfordshire Change Referral Form

For any further queries, or referrals, please contact 'Hertfordshire Change' direct by calling 0845 372 7701, by emailing, or visiting the webpages at:

Karma Nirvana

Karma Nirvana is a UK registered Charity that supports victims and survivors of Forced Marriage and Honour Based Abuse.

Below are some posters you may wish to download and use in relation to these subjects and it promote the support Karma Nirvana offer.

Multi-Agency Risk Assessment Conferences (MARACs)

A Marac is a meeting where information is shared on the highest risk domestic abuse cases between representatives of local police, probation, health, child protection, housing practitioners, Independent Domestic Violence Advisors (Idvas) and other specialists from the statutory and voluntary sectors. After sharing all relevant information they have about a victim, the representatives discuss options for increasing the safety of the victim and turn these into a co-ordinated action plan.

The primary focus of the Marac is to safeguard the adult victim. The Marac will also make links with other fora to safeguard children and manage the behaviour of the perpetrator. At the heart of a Marac is the working assumption that no single agency or individual can see the complete picture of the life of a victim, but all may have insights that are crucial to their safety. The victim does not attend the meeting but is normally represented by an Idva who speaks on their behalf.

Education Toolkit

MARAC Info Sharing Form for Schools

A resource to be used when schools are asked to provide a report as part of the MARAC process.

School Referrals to MARAC

If you believe that an adult/family may need referring to MARAC you can use the following resources to help you assess if a referral is needed and then to make a referral.

MARAC Referral Form

This needs to be sent securely to It is understood some schools may not use WinZip but similar encryption/secure email software such as Herts SFX. Please use the appropriate software your policy and procedures state.

The Expect Respect Education Toolkit

Domestic abuse is a widespread social problem and living with domestic abuse is a painful and damaging experience. For the 750,000 children who witness domestic abuse each year, the damaging effects can be long lasting and impact on everyarea of their lives.

Schools are in a key position to raise the issue of domestic abuse in a safe, structured, learning environment.

The Expect Respect Education Toolkit published by Women’s Aid provides a comprehensive resource that enables domestic abuse to be addressed easily and regularly by schools throughout a child or young person’s school life.

Specifically designed to be easy to use and with additional online support, the Education Toolkit supports schools in their work with children and young people, to improve responses to those affected now and to prevent domestic abuse in the future.

Domestic Violence Perpetrator Programme

Hertfordshire Change runs a group work programme for male perpetrators of domestic abuse. The project accepts referrals direct from clients and from statutory bodies. Client’s are initially assessed for suitability to the programme. Where assessed as suitable, clients are offered the opportunity to undertake a programme of work. All assessments and individual work is held in Stevenage. The group is run on a rolling basis in Stevenage allowing for the majority of men to access a local resource. The group is run in the evenings (7-9.30pm). Groups are run for 27 sessions (minimum 60 hours work) and the current or ex-partners of clients placed on the programme are supported via our Partner Support Service, throughout the programme and up to 6 months after their (ex) partner has completed programme.

Further information is available at:

Project Aims

  1. Increase the physical safety and emotional wellbeing of women who’s (ex)partner attended the programme.
  2. Increase the safety of any children involved in the families.
  3. Give men opportunities to develop an insight and understanding about domestic violence and abuse.
  4. Assist men who use violence and abuse in their intimate relationships to take responsibility for, as well as change, their behaviour and underlying attitude(s) towards women.

Self harm

Self harm is a safeguarding issue and may be an indicator of abuse. Further guidance can be found at:




Child Sexual Exploitation

Hertfordshire Police CSE Reporting Form

Refer using this form should a non-urgent response be required or to submit information about Child Sexual Exploitation. HALO will acknowledge receipt of the referral via e-mail.

This form should be used to refer children and young persons and/or suspects and perpetrators. This form should also be used in cases where no victim is known but a person is exhibiting CSE perpetrator behaviours.

A separate referral must be completed for each child who is vulnerable to, or a victim of, Child Sexual Exploitation.

If there is no immediate risk to life or property but a police response is required as soon as practicable due to the seriousness of the incident and/or potential loss of evidence, dial 101.

If there is an immediate danger to life, risk of injury or crime being committed please dial 999.

Hertfordshire Police CSE Reporting Form

‘Alright Charlie’ Resource Pack

‘Alright Charlie’ aims to highlight the warning signs of grooming in an age appropriate way. The resource includes teachers’ guidance, a children’s workbook and a video seen through the eyes if Charlie who is groomed by Danny.

The resource was designed in consultation with CSE professionals, primary schools teachers and children in years 5 and 6 in primary schools. The resource is accessible to girls AND boys with the viewer never discovering Charlie’s gender.

Alright Charlie? - Guidance for Teachers and Other Professionals
Alright Charlie? - Wookbook
Alright Charlie? - Video

Hertfordshire Child Sex exploitation website

The website offers information and advice to young people, parents and professionals about child sexual exploitation, including how to spot the signs of abuse and what to do if you suspect someone is being exploited.

Latest figures from Hertfordshire Constabulary indicate that on average there are 10 new CSE referrals month, which are investigated by the specialist HALO team. Some of the common signs of child sexual exploitation in young people include:

  • Going missing for periods of time or regularly coming home late.
  • Regularly missing school.
  • Appearing with unexplained gifts or new possessions.
  • Having older boyfriends or girlfriends.
  • Keeping secrets.
  • Mood swings or changes in emotional wellbeing.
  • Strange, unexpected behaviours.

If you suspect a young person is falling victim to child sexual exploitation - you can report it by calling the police on 101, contacting Crimestoppers on 0800 555111 (to make an anonymous report), or contacting Childline on 0800 1111.

NWG Network Tackling Child Sexual Exploitation - Summary of Recommendations Interactive Toolkit

This Summary of Recommendations Interactive Toolkit summarises all recommendations relating to the sexual exploitation of children and young people from a range of reports, inquiries, serious case reviews and research papers and can be viewed at:

Concerning Signs - Helping You Spot Risk

The NWG has worked with Community Care to produce an interactive toolkit: Concerning Signs - Helping You Spot Risk is designed to help you spot the signs of sexual exploitation. This can be viewed at:

Young Persons Advocate for victims of sexual abuse

Hertfordshire now has a Young Persons Advocate for victims of sexual abuse (including rape and sexual exploitation).

The Advocate – Dani Reece works with 13 – 17 year olds, whether or not they want to or have, reported to the police. The aim of the role is to give them on-going advice, support and options so they can make the right decisions for themselves, helping them to engage with other agencies that can assist, and giving them tools to keep themselves safe from future harm.

Young people can self refer and Professionals can refer (with the Young Person’s consent).

For further details please contact:

Dani Reece
07525 253961
01442 270679

Herts Aid - Raising Awareness

In May 2015, Herts Aid are facilitating the production of Chelsea’s Choice in order to raise awareness of Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) across Hertfordshire.  HfL are pleased to support this programme and would encourage schools to access this opportunity if at all possible.

In 2014 the production was seen by over 2000 young people in Hertfordshire. Due to the effectiveness of the production, Herts Aid has been funded by Hertfordshire County Council to offer performances of Chelsea’s Choice to young people across the county.

Chelsea's Choice can be delivered in schools with deaf pupils. It is helpful if the staff member who will act as interpreter can see the production beforehand. If they would like sight of the script to aid with their signing this can be arranged.

Adapted versions of the play can also be available to Special Schools if this is deemed appropriate. Again attendance of the production in advance can be arranged to aid discussion and preparation.

The play has been seen by over 150,000 young people & professionals nationwide and has proven highly effective in:

  •  Raising awareness of healthy relationships
  •  Promoting safe internet use
  •  Identifying risky situations
  •  Raising awareness of the grooming process & CSE
  •  Signposting to relevant services

Each session can be performed to up to approximately 200 students & lasts for 1 hour.  This includes a 35 minute play & a 25 minute Q&A session afterwards, exploring the issues raised within the play.

We will be delivering sessions to Years 8, 9 or 10 in schools, according to the perceived need of the school.

Schools can contact our Young Person’s Sexual Health Worker, Reece Goldsmith on 01920-484-784 or on and Angela Chapman on regarding  booking in the shows.



Can you spot the signs of child sexual exploitation?

Feelings of fear and isolation can live with victims of child sexual abuse for a very long time. Hertfordshire professionals are working together to eliminate child sexual exploitation and have just launched a county wide child sexual exploitation (CSE) campaign, HALO.

The ‘Halo’ awareness campaign aims to inform professionals, parents and children about behaviour that is tragically becoming prominent in many parts of the country.

Targeted material about identifying sexual exploitation and how to deal with the impact that it has on the victims and their families will be available.

It is imperative that all professionals understand and recognise the signs, symptoms and vulnerabilities and help spread awareness of these to the children and young people in their care. There are numerous signs to look for which are listed in any of the Hertfordshire Safeguarding Children Board CSE leaflets for Professionals; Parents and carers or Children and Young People.

Please support this campaign and obtain copies at:

OR email to request copies for your staff, students or parents/carers

Look out for Lite Bite courses on child sexual exploitation for professionals in the new year.


"Running from hate to what you think is love: The relationship between running away and child sexual exploitation" - Emilie Smeaton

Barnardo’s and Paradigm Research undertook an action research study to address the relationship between running away and CSE in England (funded by Comic Relief). This report presents the findings of the research.

“If only someone had listened”, Office of the Children’s Commissioner’s Inquiry into
Child Sexual Exploitation in Gangs and Groups, Final Report, November 2013

Despite increased awareness and a heightened state of alert regarding child sexual exploitation
children are still slipping through the net and falling prey to sexual predators. Serious gaps remain in
the knowledge, practice and services required to tackle this problem. There are pockets of good
practice, but much still needs to be done to prevent thousands more children falling victim.

This report outlines the urgent steps needed so that children can be effectively made and kept safe
– from decision-making at senior levels to the practitioner working with individual child victims –
whether a social worker, police officer, health clinician, teacher or anyone else who has contact with