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Statutory Requirements & Disapplication (KS2)

At the end of Key Stage 2, Teacher Assessments must be submitted for writing and science. Pupils must also take the statutory tests for English and maths (commonly called ‘SATs’) unless they are working below the level of the tests or unable to access them for any other reason.

NB if a child is working below the standard of the test in either reading or mahts, a teacher assessment must be submitted, using the Pre-Key Stage Standards:

Test results and teacher assessments must be reported to parents.

Further details can be found in the KS2 Assessment and Reporting Arrangements booklets, published by the STA. This is available to download from the DfE website at:


This is a widely misused term. The term ‘disapplication’ is not officially used in the context of tests. Where the term ‘disapplication’ is (incorrectly) used, the person using the term usually means either of these two things:

  • a pupil not being entered into the test
  • a pupil’s results being removed from the school’s published data

The only correct usage of the term ‘disapplication’ in an assessment context is where a child has been disapplied from all or part of the National Curriculum. This is an extremely rare occurrence, as the National Curriculum is intended to be inclusive. Where a child has been disapplied from the National Curriculum, the code D is submitted for the statutory teacher assessment. The code D should not be used in any other circumstance.

A child can only be disapplied from the National Curriculum by applying to the Secretary of State for Education. More information about disapplication can be found here:

NB, D is not the appropriate code to use when a child has been assessed as working below the standards of the Teacher Assessment Frameworks. In these cases, the teacher assessment should be based upon the Interim Pre-Key Stage Standards, or ‘BLW’ where appropriate (in the case of reading, writing and maths) or ‘HNM’ (in the case of science).

Children not able to access the KS2 tests

At Key Stage 2, a pupil should not be entered into the tests if either:

  1. the pupil is working below the level of the tests (this is entered on the marksheet as a ‘B’) or
  2. the pupil is working at the level of the tests but unable to access them (this is entered on the marksheet as a ‘U’) or
  3. the pupil’s standard of attainment cannot be established because they have just arrived in school (this is entered on the marksheet as a ‘J’)

For more information on any of the above, please refer to the KS2 Assessment & Reporting Arrangements:

Removing children’s results from the school’s data

In certain circumstances, a child’s results can be removed from the school’s published validated data. The main scenario where this can happen is when the child has English as an additional language and has arrived from a non-English-speaking country within the final two years of KS2.

The process of applying to remove a child’s results from the data is part of the DfE Performance Tables Checking exercise, which usually takes place in early September (i.e. after the tests have taken place).

NB when the unvalidated data is produced in ASP and IDSR, this will not reflect any applications to remove children’s results from the data.

In other situations, e.g. where a child has joined the school at a late stage during KS2 but is not eligible for removal from the data, if the school wishes to illustrate its results with the late entrant filtered out, this can be done using the school’s own data system.

It is also now possible to customise the data in both Analyse School Performance (ASP) and FFT Aspire.

Furthermore, in ASP, data is automatically calculated and displayed for the ‘Non-mobile’ group, which filters out any child who joined the school within the last two years of KS2.